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τρόπαιον). The Greek term for a monument of victory, composed of the arms captured as booty, and set up on the spot where the conquered enemy had turned (τρέπειν) to flight. Representations of the stump of a tree, with crosspieces and armour or weapons suspended from them, are often to be seen on coins. The Romans borrowed the custom from the Greeks, but generally

Trophies of Augustus Caesar. (Capitoline Museum.)

erected as memorials of victory permanent monuments, with representations of the war carved in relief, and with trophies of arms suspended over the undecorated portions.

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