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(from the Aramaean Tur, “a high mountain”). Now Taurus, Ala-Dagh, and other special names. A great mountain-chain of Asia. In its widest extent, the name was applied, by the later geographers, to the whole of the great chain which runs through Asia from west to east; but in its usual signification it denotes the mountain-chain in the south of Asia Minor, which begins at the Sacrum or Chelidonium Promontory at the southeast angle of Lycia, surrounds the Gulf of Pamphylia, passing through the middle of Pisidia; then along the southern frontier of Lycaonia and Cappadocia, which it divides from Cilicia and Commagené; thence, after being broken through by the Euphrates, it proceeds almost due east through the south of Armenia, forming the water-shed between the sources of the Tigris on the south and the streams which feed the upper Euphrates and the Araxes on the north; thus it continues as far as the southern margin of the lake Arsissa, where it ceases to bear the name of Taurus, and is continued in the chain which, under the names of Niphates, Zagros, etc., forms the northeast margin of the Tigris and Euphrates valley. Of this main range the branches Antitaurus and Amanus are important chains.

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