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ταξίαρχοι). The Greek term for the commanders of τάξεις, which contained a variable number of men. In Athens the ten commanders of the ten τάξεις were so called. They were elected annually by show of hands, one for each tribe. They also had to look after the levying and distribution of recruits, and they were thus concerned in the drawing up of the register of those citizens who were liable to serve. On the Macedonian τάξις, see Phalanx.

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