). “The Forty.”
Certain officers chosen by lot, who made regular circuits through the demes of Attica, whence
they are called δικασταὶ κατὰ δήμους
, to decide all cases
and τὰ περὶ τῶν
; and also all other private causes where the matter in dispute was not above
the value of ten drachmae. Their number was originally thirty, but was increased to forty
after the expulsion of the Thirty Tyrants and the restoration of the democracy by Thrasybulus,
in consequence, it is said, of the hatred of the Athenians to the number of thirty (Pollux,
viii. 100). See Schömann, Ant. Jur. Publ.
p. 267; and Att.
, pp. 88-93 (ed. Lipsius).