previous next

Thirty Tyrants


1.

The name usually given to the committee of thirty aristocrats who at the close of the Peloponnesian War (B.C. 404), and under the protection of the victorious Spartans, undertook the administration of the Athenian government. The chiefs of this body were Critias (q.v.) and Theramenes (q.v.). They secured a new Senate, put to death their chief political opponents, and installed a Spartan garrison in the Acropolis. A reign of terror ensued which led to a reaction; and presently a body of exiled citizens headed by Thrasybulus (q.v.) marched upon Athens, defeated the troops of the Thirty, and slew Critias. After some delay the Spartan government recognized the status quo and thus permitted the resumption of a democratic government (B.C. 403). See Peloponnesian War.


2.

A name used to designate the crowd of usurpers who, in the reign of the Roman emperor Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), attempted to secure the imperial power. The name is hardly accurate, as there were in reality only some nineteen or twenty of those petty revolutionists. See Gallienus.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: