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Veii

Now Isola Farnese; one of the most ancient and powerful cities of Etruria, situated on the river Cremera, about twelve miles from Rome. It was one of the twelve cities of the Etruscan Confederation, and apparently the largest of all. (See Etruria.) So far as we can judge from its present remains, it was about seven miles in circumference, which agrees with the statement of Dionysius that it was equal in size to Athens. Its territory (Ager Veiens) was extensive, and appears originally to have extended on the south and east to the Tiber; on the southwest to the sea, embracing the salinae or salt-works at the mouth of the river; and on the west to the territory of Caeré. The Ciminian forest appears to have been its northwestern boundary; on the east it must have embraced all the district south of Soracté and eastward to the Tiber. The cities of Capena and Fidenae were colonies of Veii. The Veientes were engaged in almost unceasing hostilities with Rome for more than three centuries and a half, and we have records of fourteen distinct wars between the two peoples. Veii was at length taken by the dictator Camillus, after a siege which is said to have lasted ten years. From this time Veii was abandoned; but after the lapse of ages it was colonized afresh by Augustus, and made a Roman municipium. The new colony, however, occupied scarcely a third of the ancient city, and had again sunk into decay in the reign of Hadrian.

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