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The Greeks originally divided their month into three parts of ten days each, and the Romans had a sort of week of eight days—between the nundinae or market-days. (See Nundinae.) The Egyptians, however, like the Jews, had a week of seven days, named from the seven planets, and from Alexandria this seven-day week (ἑβδομάς, hebdomas, septimana) spread to Greece, and, at about the beginning of the Christian era, to Rome also. In the Codex Theodosianus (q.v.) the name septimana first appears in the sense of “week,” and from it came the Italian settimana, the Spanish semana, and the French semaine.

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