Presents that it was customary among the Greeks and Romans for a host to give or send to
his guests, as a mark of hospitality and friendship (Pliny , Epist.
14), consisting, for the most part, of delicacies for the table; as may be collected from the
thirteenth book of Martial, which is inscribed with the title Xenia
relates chiefly to articles of food.
Pictures of still-life, such as dead game, poultry, fish, fruit, vegetables, etc. (Vitruv.
vi. 7, 4; Philostrat. Imag.
i. 31, ii. 25); so termed because they represented
such objects as a host sent in presents to his guests. Many pictures of this kind have been
found among the paintings of Pompeii, one of which is given under Pictura