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King of Numidia and son of Hiempsal. He joined Pompey's party, and gained a victory over Curio, Caesar's legate, B.C. 49. He afterwards fought with Scipio against Caesar; and after the battle of Thapsus (B.C. 46) put an end to his own life.


Son of the preceding. He was a child at the time of his father's death, and was carried by Caesar to Rome, where he received an excellent education. He became one of the most learned men of his day, and wrote numerous works on historical and other subjects. In B.C. 30, Augustus reinstated him in his paternal kingdom of Numidia, and gave him in marriage Cleopatra , otherwise called Selené, the daughter of Antony and Cleopatra. Five years afterwards (A.D. 25) Augustus gave him Mauretania in exchange for Numidia, which was reduced to a Roman province. He died in Mauretania, about A.D. 19. Plutarch calls him πάντων ἱστορικώτατος βασιλέων ( Sert. 9), and he appears to have attempted (in Greek) many kinds of literary and scientific work; but the titles alone have descended to us. Among these are an African history (Λιβυκά), a Roman history (Π̔ωμαϊκὴ Ἱστορία), and a history of painting (Περὶ Γραφικῆς). There is an epigram by Iuba preserved in Athenaeus (viii. p. 343). See the account of Iuba by the Abbé Sevin in the Mémoires de l'Académie des Inscriptions, iv. p. 457 foll.; and for the fragments, Müller's Frag. Hist. Graec. iii. pp. 465-484.

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