King of Numidia and son of Hiempsal. He joined Pompey's party, and gained a victory over
Curio, Caesar's legate, B.C. 49. He afterwards fought with Scipio against Caesar; and after
the battle of Thapsus (B.C. 46) put an end to his own life.
Son of the preceding. He was a child at the time of his father's death, and was carried by
Caesar to Rome, where he received an excellent education. He became one of the most
learned men of his day, and wrote numerous works on historical and other subjects. In B.C.
30, Augustus reinstated him in his paternal kingdom of Numidia, and gave him in marriage
Cleopatra , otherwise called Selené, the daughter of Antony and Cleopatra. Five
years afterwards (A.D. 25) Augustus gave him Mauretania in exchange for Numidia, which was
reduced to a Roman province. He died in Mauretania, about A.D. 19. Plutarch calls him
ὁ πάντων ἱστορικώτατος βασιλέων
), and he appears to have attempted (in Greek) many kinds of
literary and scientific work; but the titles alone have descended to us. Among these are an
African history (Λιβυκά
), a Roman history (Π̔ωμαϊκὴ Ἱστορία
), and a history of painting (Περὶ Γραφικῆς
). There is an epigram by Iuba preserved in
Athenaeus (viii. p. 343). See the account of Iuba by the Abbé Sevin in the
Mémoires de l'Académie des Inscriptions
, iv. p. 457
foll.; and for the fragments, Müller's Frag. Hist. Graec.