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Iudicium Publĭcum

In Roman law, a sort of application of civil procedure, in some of its points, to criminal cases. The presiding officers were usually a civil magistrate (the praetor), and the case was heard before a bench of iudices. It differed from ordinary civil process in that the magistrate sat with the iudices, directed their decision, and pronounced the verdict. The earliest notice of the iudicium publicum is found in the Lex Bantina of about B.C. 130. (See Tabula Bantina.) Reference may be made to Mommsen, Röm. Staatsrecht, i. pp. 168 and 182 foll.; ii. pp. 223 and 569 foll.

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