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Iugum

ζυγόν and ζυγός).


1.

In architecture, a cross-beam (Vitruv. x. 8, 19).


2.

The beam which

Ancient Yokes.

united the upright posts of a loom.


3.

The crossrail of a trellis.


4.

The cross-bar of a lyre.


5.

A scale-beam, and hence, by metonymy, a pair of scales=libra.


6.

The thwart or cross-bench of a boat.


7.

A yoke, often fastened to the horns of a beast (Columell. R. R. ii. 2). The yoke was tied to the pole (ῥυμός, temo) by a rope or strap (ζυγόδεσμον). Cf. Hom. Il. xxiv. 268-274, with Leaf's discussion in the Journal of the Hellen. Soc. v. 185 foll. See Currus.

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