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Ioannes (Ἰωάννης Ζωναράς). A Greek historian, who lived at Constantinople as chief of the imperial body-guard and first private secretary to the emperor under Alexius I. (Comnenus). He next became a monk, and composed a history of the world (Χρονικόν) down to A.D. 1118, divided into eighteen books. Its value consists in its exact quotations from lost works of earlier writers, especially from those of Dio Cassius, referring to the Empire. The history of his own time he recorded as an eye-witness. The work is edited by Du Cange (Paris, 1686), and Dindorf (Leipzig, 1868- 75). A lexicon by Zonaras is edited by Tittmann (Leipzig, 1808).

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