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ADEIA

ADEIA (ἄδεια), freedom from fear, or security, in any public action. When any one in Athens, who had not the full privileges of an Athenian citizen, such as a foreigner, a slave, &c., wished to accuse a person of any offence against the people, he was obliged to obtain first permission to do so, which permission was called ad eia. (Andoc. de Myst. p. 2.11; Plut. Per. 31.) The ad eia of a citizen did not protect the false accuser (Andoc. l.c. p. 4.20). An Athenian citizen who had incurred atimia was also obliged to obtain ad eia before he could take part in public affairs (Plut. Phoc. 26); and it was not lawful for any one to propose to the people, that an atimos should be restored to his rights as a citizen, or that a public debtor should be released from his debt, till ad eia had been granted for this purpose by a decree passed in an assembly of 6000 citizens voting secretly by ballot.. (Dem. c. Timocr. p. 715.47; Böckh, Public Economy of Athens, p. 292.)

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