signifies in the singular a room (Plaut.
402 ), but in the plural a small house (Ter.
663). It is, however, more frequently used in the
sense of a shrine, whether attached to a temple (Liv.
, aediculam Victoriae virginis prope aedem Victoriae
M. Porcius Cato dedicavit
), or quite an independent building, of
which there are many representations in works of art; or finally niches in
the walls of temples or houses, containing images of gods and goddesses,
like that here figured (Overbeck, Bildwerke,
Aedicula or Shrine.
30, 1). (Liv. 35.41
; Plin. Nat. 33.19
; Petron. 29; Apul. Met.
Eponae deae simulacrum residens aediculae.
topographers of Rome speak of 423 aediculae
Rome, one for every vicus;
these were probably
partly chapels, partly niches, and were usually placed at the cross-ways.
They contained the images of the tutelary deity of the vicus.
On the other hand, the aediculae
within the house contained images of the Lares and
Penates. There were also portable shrines, often of precious materials, like
those made at Ephesus (Act. Ap.