). The names of all persons at Athens who owed
any sum of money to the state (οἱ τῷ δημοσίῳ
) were registered by the practores (πράκτορες
) upon tablets kept for that purpose in
the temple of Athena, on the Acropolis (Dem. c. Aristog.
p. 791.70; Harpocr. and Suidas, s. v. ψευδεγγραφή
) ; and hence the expression of being registered on
the Acropolis (ἐγγεγραμμένος ἐν
) always means being indebted to the state. (Dem.
p. 1337.64.) Whoever paid his fine after
registration was erased, either wholly or in part, according to the amount
paid; but if a person's name was improperly erased, he was subject to the
action for non-registration (ἀγραφίου
), which was under the jurisdiction of the thesmothetae. If
an individual was not registered, he could only be proceeded against by
and was not liable to the
p. 1328.67.) This action might also, apparently, be
brought against public officers who, through favour or carelessness, omitted
to register debtors (κατὰ τῶν μὴ ἐγγραφόντων
is the correct reading for κατὰ τῶν ἐγγραφόντων τοὺς μὴ ὀφείλοντας
in Etym. M.
p. 13, 17, and Bekk. Anecd.
199, 28). Hesychius, whose account has been followed by Hemsterhuis and
Wesseling, appears to have been mistaken in saying that the ἀγραφίου γραφή
could be instituted against
debtors who had not been registered. (Meier, Att. Process,
pp. 353, 354; Böckh, Publ. Econ. of Athens,