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AGRA´PHIOU GRAPHE´

AGRA´PHIOU GRAPHE´ (ἀγραφίου γραφή). The names of all persons at Athens who owed any sum of money to the state (οἱ τῷ δημοσίῳ ὀφείλοντες) were registered by the practores (πράκτορες) upon tablets kept for that purpose in the temple of Athena, on the Acropolis (Dem. c. Aristog. i. p. 791.70; Harpocr. and Suidas, s. v. ψευδεγγραφή) ; and hence the expression of being registered on the Acropolis (ἐγγεγραμμένος ἐν Ἀκροπόλει) always means being indebted to the state. (Dem. c. Theocrin. p. 1337.64.) Whoever paid his fine after registration was erased, either wholly or in part, according to the amount paid; but if a person's name was improperly erased, he was subject to the action for non-registration (ἀγραφίου γραφή), which was under the jurisdiction of the thesmothetae. If an individual was not registered, he could only be proceeded against by ἔνδειξις, and was not liable to the ἀγραφίου γραφή. (Dem. c Theocrin. p. 1328.67.) This action might also, apparently, be brought against public officers who, through favour or carelessness, omitted to register debtors (κατὰ τῶν μὴ ἐγγραφόντων τοὺς ὀφείλοντας is the correct reading for κατὰ τῶν ἐγγραφόντων τοὺς μὴ ὀφείλοντας in Etym. M. p. 13, 17, and Bekk. Anecd. p. 199, 28). Hesychius, whose account has been followed by Hemsterhuis and Wesseling, appears to have been mistaken in saying that the ἀγραφίου γραφή could be instituted against debtors who had not been registered. (Meier, Att. Process, pp. 353, 354; Böckh, Publ. Econ. of Athens, pp. 388, 389.)

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