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AMPHIOR´KIA or AMPHOMOS´IA (ἀμφιορκία or ἀμφωμοδία), the oath which was taken, both by the plaintiff and defendant, before the trial of a cause in the Athenian courts, that they would speak the truth (Hesych., Suid.). In the ἀνάκρισις or preliminary investigation it was called διωμοσία. The notion of some grammarians (Pollux, 8.122; Bekker, Anecd. pp. 184, 9; 311, 23), that it was also applied to the judges' oath is a mistake.


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