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APOPH´ORA (ἀποφορά), which properly means “produce or profit” of any kind, was used at Athens to signify the profit which accrued to masters from their slaves. It thus signified the sum which slaves paid to their masters when they laboured on their own account, and the sum which masters received when they let out their slaves on hire either for the mines or any other kind of labour, and also the money which was paid by the state for the use of the slaves who served in the fleet. (Andoc. de Myst. § 38; Aeschin. c. Timarch. § 97; Xen. Rep. Ath. 1.1. 1) Further details are given in Dem. c. Aphob. i. pp. 816-819; c. Nicostr. p. 1253; Xen. de Vect. 4.1. 4, in which passages, however, the name ἀποφορὰ does not occur. (Comp. Böckh, P. E. p. 72.) The term apophora was also applied to the money which was paid by the allied states to Sparta, for the purpose of carrying on the war against the Persians. When Athens acquired the supremacy, these moneys were called φόροι. (Böckh, Ibid. p. 396.)

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