which properly means “produce or profit” of any kind, was used
at Athens to signify the profit which accrued to masters from their slaves.
It thus signified the sum which slaves paid to their masters when they
laboured on their own account, and the sum which masters received when they
let out their slaves on hire either for the mines or any other kind of
labour, and also the money which was paid by the state for the use of the
slaves who served in the fleet. (Andoc. de Myst.
38; Aeschin. c. Timarch.
§ 97; Xen. Rep. Ath. 1.1. 1
details are given in Dem. c. Aphob.
i. pp. 816-819; c.
p. 1253; Xen. de
Vect. 4.1. 4
, in which passages, however, the name
does not occur. (Comp.
Böckh, P. E.
p. 72.) The term apophora
was also applied to the money which was paid by the
allied states to Sparta, for the purpose of carrying on the war against the
Persians. When Athens acquired the supremacy, these moneys were called