storehouse or magazine (Thuc. 6.97
; Cic. Phil. 2.27
; Vulg. Par.
1, 27, 28, &c.)
for books (Luc. Indoct.
5); a burial-place (id.
22); especially a place in the upper part of
the house in which the Romans kept their wine in amphorae.
It was usually above the fumarium,
since it was thought that the passage of the smoke
through the room tended greatly to increase the flavour of the wine. (Col. 1.6.20
2.5, 7). Hence
Horace's expression (Carm.
3.21, 7) Descende, testa.
was thus quite distinct from the cella vinaria,
in which wine was kept in dolia
until it was fit to be bottled (diffundere
), as we should say, into the amphorae,
or, if it was not considered good enough
to mature (aetatem ferre
), was drunk straight
from the larger vessels. (Becker-Göll, Gallus,
iii. pp. 50, 427.)