), a boat used on the
Nile to transport merchandise, and also at funerals to convey the corpse
across the river. It was, like the modern Nile boats, made of the ἀκάνθη
); was flat-bottomed, and of such light
draught that it could only sail up stream with a strong breeze, and had
usually only one rudder. The baris
was often of many
thousand talents' burden. Herodotus describes (2.96) the manner of its
construction and navigation, in which, as we learn from Egyptian paintings,
both sails and oars were employed. (See Rawlinson's Herodotus,
and 2.41, 197; Diod.
.) The poets use the word to signify an Egyptian (Aesch. Supp. 815
; Propert. 4.11, 44) or generally [p. 1.287]
an Oriental boat or ship. (Aesch. Pers.
; Eur. Iph. A.
In the Septuagint the word is used in the sense of a tower or palace. (Ps.
44.9; Dan. 8.1.)