), called in
were magistrates in Sparta whose
business was to inspect the gymnastic exercises. Their house of meeting
was in the market-place.
.) They were either five
) or six in number (C. I.
Nos. 1270, 1271, 1364), and had a president who is called in
inscriptions πρέσβυς βιδέων.
i. p. 611.) Böckh conjectures that βίδεοι
is the Laconian form for ἴδυοι
signifies witnesses and judges among the youth. (Comp. Müller,
3.7.8.) Valckenaer (ad
) supposed that the bidiaei were the
same as the νομοφύλακες
: but the
inscriptions given by Boeckh show that the bidiaei and νομοφύλακες
were two separate classes of officers. The [p. 1.299]
annually elected heads of a priesthood of Helen
and the Dioscuri at Sparta were also called βιδιαῖοι
(Le Bas et Foucart, Inscr. du
they may have been identical with the preceding.