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BOA´GOS (βοαγός). The boys (seven to eighteen years) at Sparta after their seventh year were taken by the state and trained for its service. They were divided into sections, called βοῦαι. The leader of such a section who was an εἴρην (i. e. between twenty and thirty years; those between eighteen and twenty were called μελλείρενες) was called βουαγὸς or βουαγόρ (Plut. Lyc. 17; Xen. Rep. Lac. 2.1. 1). Hesychius (s. v. βοαγόρ) calls him a παῖς; but he uses παῖς in a broad sense, comprising all not fully developed men (i. e. under thirty years). As not being a fully developed man, the βοαγὸς was not recognised as a magistrate. But in the inscriptions which date from the times of the Roman empire the βοαγοὶ are full-grown men. This is to be explained by the fact that in those times it was merely a complimentary or honorary title given to distinguished men, and held with the ephoralty and other magistracies (C. I. G. 1241, col. 1; 1245, &c.), which of course would have been impossible in the old days when the ephors had plenty to do as such. Sometimes a man is βουαγὸς and holds no other magistracy (C. I. G. 1250). Cf. Boeckh, C. I. G. [p. 1.300]i. p. 612; G. Gilbert, Handbuch der griechischen Staatsalterthümer (1881), 1.67-8.


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