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BONO´RUM COLLA´TIO, COLLA´TIO BONO´RUM. By the rules of the civil law, emancipated children had no rights to the inheritance of their father, since they had become strangers to his family. But, in course of time, the praetor granted to emancipated children the privilege of equal succession with those who remained in the power of the father at the time of his death. This favour was granted to emancipated children only on condition that they should bring into one common stock, to be distributed with their father's estate, whatever property they had at the time of the father's death, and which would have been acquired for the father in case they had still remained in his power. This was called collatio bonorum. Thus emancipated children were not allowed to retain the advantage which their proprietary independence had given them over unemancipated children, and at the same time to share in the paternal succession. Property which would have been peculium castrense or quasi-castrense in the case of a filius familias was not subject to collatio, because it would not have belonged to the father if the child had remained under his power. (Dig. 37, tit. 6; Cod. 6.20; Windscheid, Pandekten, 3.609.)


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