was the upper arm from the
elbow to the shoulder (Poll. 2.138; Curtius, Gr. Etym.
292); so the περιβραχιόνιον
see Hesych. sub
) was an armlet used on the upper arm, while περικάρπιον
was used on the wrist as a bracelet.
In later Greek we find βραχιόλιον
(Theophanes, 225, 11), βραχίολος,
used for bracchiale, and
Suidas explains χλιδόνας
as κοσμοὺς περὶ τοὺς βραχίονας, βραχιόλια.
was strictly the lower arm from
the wrist to the elbow, though more usually used for the whole arm from
wrist to shoulder. Hence bracchiale (from which is derived bracelet
), itself a species of ARMILLA
is used as a generic
term for armlet, as is also spatalium
(Plin. Nat. 13.142
; Tert. de cult. fern.
2.13), comprising spinter,
which was applied to an armlet worn on the left arm
(Festus, s. v.), and dextrale
an armlet worn on the right arm (Marquardt, Privatl.
Where a distinction is drawn between bracchiale and dextrochirium, as in
Arculfus (ap. Ducange, s. v. Bracchiale
latter is a bracelet worn on the wrist, the former an armlet worn on the
upper arm (superbracchia
). The wearing of bracchialia
was [p. 1.316]
un-Roman and pagan custom (Ambros. Ep.
1.10, 9). For the
various shapes of armlets and bracelets (ὄφεις,
&c.), see ARMILLA
They were fastened with a clasp (copula),
which was sometimes set with jewels (Capit. Maximin.
We find bracchialia of gold (Tert. de cult. fern.
2.2) and silver (Plin. Nat. 28
§ 82, 83).