), butter, was only used by the
Greeks and Romans as an unguent (Plin. Nat.
) and a medicine (Id. 28.133; Galen, vi. p. 683 and xii. p.
274, Kuhn; Cels. 4.15 and 18, 5.26; Marcell. Empir.
81), while as a food they left it to the barbarians who had invented it.
Thus Aloxandrides (ap. Athen. 4.131
contemptuously of “butter-eating Thracians,” and many writers
note as something remarkable its use by Paeonians (Hecataeus, ap. Athen. 4.447
), Lusitanians (Strabo, 3.3, 7),
Aethiopians (Id. 17.2, 2), &c., showing by the curious phrase which
they employ (ἔλαιον ἀπὸ γάλακτος
the butter of the ancients was a liquid, as Pliny, (l.c.
) expressly tells us.