), a spur, an implement to which we find no
reference in the Homeric writings, in which riding is so rarely mentioned, a
) taking its place. Even in
later Greek authors, it is often difficult to determine whether a goad or a
spur is signified. But in Theophr. Char.
xxi., where the
after taking part in a
walks about the market-place
ἐν τοῖς μύωψι,
we have a clear
reference to spurs. Cf. Anth. P.
5.203; Diod. 17.20
; Pollux, 1.210, 10.54, and perhaps Plat.
30 E, where, however, it is not clear whether
is a spur, or the fly from whose
goading bite the spur was named. Similarly in works of art spurs are but
seldom represented. A spur, however, is indicated on one foot of an Amazon
on a vase of probably the 4th century (Bulletin de
l'Académie de Bruxelles,
xi. p. 76); and the left
foot of the statue of an Amazon in the Vatican, which is held to be a copy
from Pheidias, shows how the spur was fastened to the foot,
Calcaria, Bronze Spurs. (British Museum.)
although the spur itself has been broken off. Bronze spurs have
also been found at Dodona (Académie des
Among the Romans the name leaves us in no [p. 1.332]
about the use of this appliance ( “calcaria dicta, quia in calce
hominis ligantur ad stimulandos equos,” Isid.
20.16, 6), and we find the word used as early as
3.3, 118), and very frequently in later writers.
Numerous examples of Roman spurs are in the museums.