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CUBICULA´RII

CUBICULA´RII were slaves who had the care of the sleeping and dwelling rooms. Faithful slaves were always selected for this office, as they had, to a certain extent, the care of their master's person. When Julius Caesar was taken by the pirates, he dismissed all his other slaves and attendants, only retaining with him a physician and two cubicularii. (Suet. Jul. 4.) It was the duty of the cubicularii to introduce visitors to their master (Cic. Att. 6.2, § 5; in Verr. 3.4); for which purpose they appear to have usually remained in an ante-room (Suet. Tib. 21, Dom. 16). They were commonly divided into watches (stationes) for day and night, and also into decuries (Orelli, 4663, 6312; Wilmanns, 178, 179, 314, 406; Suet. Dom. 17). Under the later emperors, the cubicularii belonging to the palace were called praepositi sacro cubiculo, and were persons of high rank. (Cod. 42, tit. 5.)

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