), a cradle. It has
been thought that cradles were little used by the Greeks, at least in early
times; since Plato in a passage on the putting of infants to sleep mentions
only singing the lullaby and rocking in the arms (ἐν
ταῖς ἀγκάλαις σείειν,
7.790 D). But various substitutes are mentioned.
Hercules according to tradition was cradled in his father's shield (Theocr.
24.4); Dionysus in a winnowing-fan (λίκνον,
), which accordingly was borne in his
processions (see the illustration under VANNUS
); other deities in the same manner (Hom.
21, &c.; Callim. in
48, with the Scholia). The ark or cradle in which children were
exposed is σκάφη,
Aristoph. Lys. 138
, with the Scholia;
574; Aristot. Poet. 16.3
; Plut. Rom. 3
]: but it is only in quite late authors
that we find σκάφην διασείειν,
“to rock a cradle,”
Ael. NA 11.14
. In the Roman period cradles
were regularly used (Plaut. Truc.
5.13 and elsewhere; Cic. de Div. 1.3. 6
§ 79) and were made to rock. We find a female slave called cunaria,
apparently distinct from the nutrix
311, 7); or a
male slave, who perhaps in time became
Cradle. (From the Museum at Beaune.)
the child's paedagogus
Tac. Dial. 29
). The illustration, from a sculptured
stone found in Burgundy, and figured by Daremberg and Saglio, shows a
boat-shaped cradle with the child curiously strapped in.