1. Slaves, whose duty it was to run before the carriage of their masters, for
the same purpose as our outriders. They are not mentioned under the
republic, and appear to have first come into fashion in the middle of the
first century of the Christian aera. The slaves employed for this purpose
appear to have frequently been Numidians. (Senec. Ep.
123, 7; Mart. 3.47
; Suet. Nero 30
9; Petron. 28; Dig. 32
ii. p. 159.)
2. Messengers or couriers (Nep. Milt.
; Plin. Nat. 2.181
, Plin. Ep. 7.12
; Mart. 3.100
43). [CURSUS PUBLICUS
3. Runners in the foot-race [CURSUS
], or competitors in a chariot-race ( “ut cupidi cursor
frenat frena retentat equi” (Ov. Pont.