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CYMA

CYMA (κῦμα), in architecture, an ogee, a wave-shaped moulding, consisting of two curves, the one concave and the other convex. There were two forms, the cyma recta, which was concave above and convex below, thus,

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, and the cyma reversa, which was convex above and concave below, thus,

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. The diminutive cymatium or cumatium (κυμάτιον) is the more common name. The original form of the cymatium was, however, a simple hollow (the cavetto), thus

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. This was called the cymatium Doricum, and the other the cymatium Lesbicum. (Aesch. Fr. 70, ed. Dindorf; Böckh, Corp. lnscr. vol. i. p. 284; Vitr. 3.5.7, 4.1.7, 4.3, § § 6, 8, iv, 6.2, 5.3, 5; Phot. 565, 18; Etym. M. p. 749, 38; Gruter, Inscr. p. ccvii.; Müller, Archöl. d. Kunst, § 274, Mauch, Gr. und Röm. Bauord. pp. 6, 7: for examples, see the profiles on pp. 492-3.)

[P.S] [J.M]

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