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CYMA´TIUM

CYMA´TIUM (κῦμα, κυμάτιον), in arch. (1) the volute of an Ionic capital (Vitr. 3.5, 7 ; 4.1, 7); (2) a moulding, either the cavetto (cy. doricum), or the cyma recta or revesa (cy. lesbium, κ. Λἐσβιον). Vitruvius mentions the cymatium of a lintel (4.6, 2), of the epistyle (3.5, 10), and of the cornice (3.5, 11). The Greek term occurs : κῦμα Λέσβιον, Aesch. Thalamopoei, fr. 224 Dind., 76 Herm.; κυμάτιον, C. I. G. 160, 37; LXX. Ex. 25; cumatium, Corp. Inscr. Lat. 1, 577.

[J.M]

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