a portion of a woman's dress, said by
Varro to be so called because it covers (capit
the breast (Varr. L. L.
5.131, and de Vita P.
iv. ap. Nonium, p. 542, s. v. capitia
: cf. Gel. 16.7.9
; Dig. 34
). The word itself might lead us to suppose that it was
originally, like capital,
a covering for the
head; but there is express testimony that it was worn over the tunic (Laber.
ap. Aul. Gell. l.c.
) and covered the breast, not the
head (Müller, ad
Fest. p. 57). Rich,
and after him Saglio, have identified it as a corset, not unlike those still
worn by the present women of Italy, and have figured it from a sepulchral
marble published by Gori (Inscript. Antiq. Florent.