probably in strictness means “made of dried skin,” connected
but is generally applied to
shoes worn by rustics, with sole and upper leather all in one--ἀγροικικὸν ὑπόδημα μονόδερμον
)--Hesych., cf. Phot. s.v. Lucian,
p. 246. It was, in fact, a piece of untanned
ox-hide placed under the foot and tied up by several thongs, so as to cover
the whole foot and part of the leg. The crepidae
“coarse ox-hide shoes,” of Catull. 98, 4, are of the same
nature. Thus there was no manufacture in it at all; and so we find it
resorted to in an emergency by the Ten Thousand (Xen. [p. 1.362]An.
4.5, 14). The same term was
applied to the covering put on the feet of camels when they got sore from
the march (Aristot. Hist. An.
2.1, 27 = 499
30); and also to a skin-covered
structure used by besiegers (Philo in Math. Vet.