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CARBA´TINA (καρβατίνη) probably in strictness means “made of dried skin,” connected with κάρφω; but is generally applied to shoes worn by rustics, with sole and upper leather all in one--ἀγροικικὸν ὑπόδημα μονόδερμον (or μονόπελμον)--Hesych., cf. Phot. s.v. Lucian, Alex. p. 246. It was, in fact, a piece of untanned ox-hide placed under the foot and tied up by several thongs, so as to cover the whole foot and part of the leg. The crepidae carbatinae, “coarse ox-hide shoes,” of Catull. 98, 4, are of the same nature. Thus there was no manufacture in it at all; and so we find it resorted to in an emergency by the Ten Thousand (Xen. [p. 1.362]An. 4.5, 14). The same term was applied to the covering put on the feet of camels when they got sore from the march (Aristot. Hist. An. 2.1, 27 = 499 a, 30); and also to a skin-covered structure used by besiegers (Philo in Math. Vet. 101).


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