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CAVE´RE

CAVE´RE in legal language means (1) to take precautions on behalf of any one (Dig. 22, 3, 9). (2) To procure from another a promise which will support an action, especially a promise in the nature of a warranty ( “ab emptore, venditore, [sibi] cavere; lege venditionis cautum est,” Dig. 18, 7, 6, pr.; 39, 2, 44, 1). (3) To give security, whether personal (personis) or real (rebus), the latter denoting a pledge or hypotheca (Dig. 50, 16, 188, 1). (4) To acknowledge either a debt (especially by the contract of stipulation, Dig. 3, 3, 35, 2, or by a written memorandum, Dig. 16, 3, 26, 2) or payment of a debt (Dig. 46, 3, 5, 3). (5) To ordain, of a statute (Cic. Legg. 2.2. 4, 61; Dig. 4, 4, 2); of a senatus consult (Dig. 33, 2, 1); of the edict (Dig. 2, 6, 1); of a testament (Cic. Legg. 2.2. 1, 53). (6) Of a lawyer or jurisconsult, to give advice: “Sin autem quereretur, quisnam jurisconsultus vere nominaretur, eum dicerem, qui legum et consuetudinis ejus, qua privati in civitate uterentur . . . ad cavendum peritus esset” (Cic. de Orat. 1.48, 212; ad Fam. 3.1, 7.6).

[J.B.M]

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