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CENOTAPH´IUM (κενοτάφιον, κενὸς τάφος, in Virgil tumulus inanis), a cenotaph, i. e. an empty or honorary tomb. It was erected sometimes as a memorial of a person buried elsewhere (Verg. A. 3.304), more often in cases where the body had not been found for burial at all (Xen. Anab. 6.4, § 9; Verg. A. 6.505; App. Mith. 96. Compare Thuc. 2.34.3; Eur. Hel. 1057-60.) [FUNUS] Cenotaphia were considered as religiosa, and therefore divini juris, till a rescript of the emperors Ant. Pius and Verus pronounced them not to be so. (Heinecc. Ant. Rom. 2.1.)

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