(Priscian, p. 590 P., gives the form
), a band or chain attached to the neck
), a collar. Dogs with collars are
frequently seen in ancient monuments, and a mosaic at Pompeii represents a
watch-dog with his collar and chain attached (Reich, s. v.). Varro says that
farm dogs should have collars with pointed nails (cum
) attached to them, to protect them against
the attacks of wolves and other beasts (R. R.
Xenophon recommends that the collars (δέραια
) of hunting dogs should be soft and wide so as not to rub
the hair (Cyneg.
6, 1). Large wooden collars (κλοιοί
) were sometimes put on mischievous dogs
(Aristoph. Wasps 897
, with Schol.;
Xen. Hell. 2.4
, § 41). Plates
of bronze have been found, pierced with a hole to be suspended to the
collar, containing the names of owners of dogs. (Daremberg and Saglio, s.
Iron or bronze collars were placed round the necks of slaves who had
attempted to run away. (Lucil. ap. Non. p. 36, 26; Plaut.
2.2, 107.) Sometimes a plate was attached to the
collar, containing the name and address of the master, and offering a reward
for the runaway slave. (D. and S., s. v.)