the wearer of a CORNICULUM; hence in Roman armies an adjutant or aide-de-camp
attached to the higher military commanders. In early times there was perhaps
only one to each legion, under the orders of the tribunus
whose turn it was to command (Frontin.
3.14, 1; V. Max. 6.1
). From the time of Marius and under the
empire the legatus of each legion had one cornicularius, the tribune in
command another: hence two cornicularii are usually mentioned in
inscriptions (C. I. L.
2.4122), though sometimes a single one
occurs (C. I. L.
1681). Provincial governors had likewise
their cornicularii,--two apiece, it would seem, as we find officium corniculariorum
in the plural (C. I.
3.3543); and if the governor were of consular rank, his
subordinate was cornicularius consularis
1106; cf. 3543). Other officers found with cornicularii attached to them are
the praefectus praetorio
3846; Orelli, 3157, 3488), perhaps the praefectus urbi,
the tribunes of the praetorian (C. I.
2.2610, 3.2887) and urban cohorts (Orelli, 3462; Mommsen,
Inscr. R. Neap.
1459), the praefectus
(Orelli, 3456; Henzen, 6753, 7170), the praefectus annonae
(Orelli, 3489), &c. (See fuller
references to inscriptions in Marquardt, Staatsverw.