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CORNIC´ULUM

CORNIC´ULUM a little horn, was a Roman military decoration attached to the helmet. There seems no reason to think that the word was ever applied to the ornamental part of the helmet itself (Pottier, ap. D. and S.): this would be crista, and no example of such a sense is adduced. The corniculum was distinguished not merely by its shape, but by not forming an integral part of the helmet: it was simply fastened on. It was used either as (a) a military reward for bravery: thus Papirius Cursor gives cornicula and silver armillae to all the cavalry (Liv. 10.44); Orbilius, Horace's schoolmaster, serves first as a legionary, then on obtaining this decoration is promoted to the cavalry (corniculo, mox equo meruit, Suet. de Ill. Gramm. 9). It was also used (b) as a badge of office, and as such was worn by the CORNICULARII. 2. A small funnel of horn: Col. 7.5, 15 and 20.

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