4.2, 3), was a kind of shoe of the nature of sandals (Gel. 13.21
); but as it was
different from the latter (Ath. 14.621
1.3, 127), it is to be considered as
occupying a middle position between a closed boot and plain sandals.
Originally it appears to have been worn by peasants, having a high and
strong sole, often studded with nails (Bekk. Anecd.
cf. Plin. Nat. 36.127
), sometimes fitted
with leaden or brazen plates called Χῖαι
(Hippoc. ap. Galen, xviii. A. p. 678, ed. Kuhn; Tert.
4; Ael. VH
), and we are told that Hagnon, one of the followers of
Alexander, had gold or silver nails in his crepidae
c; Ael. VH 9.3
; Plut. Alex.
). It sometimes had a low upper (cf. the story in Parthen.
8), with eyes (ansae
through which straps (obstragula,
), which were at times adorned with
jewels (Plin. Nat. 9.114
) or dyed with
purple (Heliod. Aethiop.
3.3), were passed, fastening it over
the instep: often it was closed at the back (this is probably the ὀπισθοκρηπὶς
of Poll. 7.91): but generally the
upper consisted of a series of large loops (also called ansoe
), through which the fastening thong or thongs were passed.
This kind of open network covering the instep explains the epithet πολυς χιδές
(Lucian, Rhet. Praecept.
Crepida. (Foot of Hermes.)
15). Examples Crepida. (Foot of Hermes.) of crepidae
are given among the Greek shoes under CALCEUS
3 and 4, and in the
accompanying cut of the [p. 1.563]
foot of the Hermes of
Praxiteles. There appear to have been a definite number of ansae
in special kinds of crepidae
(see the story which led to the proverb ne sutor supra crepidam judicaret
in Plin. Nat. 35.85
). In some vase-paintings
of ephebi the bands fastening the crepidae
reach half-way up the calf (see Saglio, fig. 2057). The crepida
would fit either foot (Isid. Orig.
19.34, 3). They were of course made of leather (Xen. Eq. 12
, 10). Lamps made in the form of
with nails in the soles, have been found, and
illustrations of them are given in Saglio (fig. 2059) and Baumeister (fig.
was the national Greek shoe
34; Pers. 1.127; Suet.
); hence at Rome a tragedy in Greek costume was called fabula crepidata.
It is especially mentioned as a
Macedonian military boot (Theocr. 15.6), while the Roman military boot with
nails was called CALIGA
frequently worn with the pallium
; Suet. Tib.
), and with the chlamys
(Cic. Rab. Post.
; Plut. Ant. 54
; Herodian, 4.8, 2): in all these
passages it is spoken of in pointed contrast to Roman costume.
sometimes (Ath. 12.522
; Lucian, l.c.
) appears as a
soft shoe worn by women, we cannot suppose that this kind resembled the
of peasants or soldiers
otherwise than in shape. We are also told that Sophocles (Vit.
p. 128, 30; ed. West.) introduced white κρηπῖδες
for the choreutae
actors who performed (Wieseler, Satyrspiel,
subordinate female parts or the parts of effeminate men. More probably,
however, these κρηπῖδες
were of the nature
of the high-soled peasants' shoes mentioned above.
The word κρηπὶς
was also used in the sense
of a kind of pancake or cake made of dough with fruit inside it (Ath. 14.645
; Poll. 6.77; Hesych. sub voce
Marquardt, Privatleben der Römer,
3.274-277; and Pottier, in
D. & S.)