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DECU´RIO

DECU´RIO the head or representative of a decuria.

1. The head of the decuriae into which the curiae and the senate were divided. [DECURIA 1, 2.]

2. The head or commander of the decuriae of the Equites. [DECURIA 3.] But decurio was in later times the name of an officer of a division of cavalry, though such division might contain any number of men (Veget. Mil. 2.14: cf. Tac. Ann. 13.40; Hist. 2.29).

3. The head or representative of a decuria in corporations. [DECURIA No. 5.] In like manner we find a decurio cubiculariorum (Suet. Dom. 17), a decurio palatii (Amm. Marc. 20.4.20; Cod. Just. 12.16), a decurio ostiariorum (Spon, Misc. Erud. Ant. vi. p. 214), a decurio Germanorum (Orelli, inscr. 2923), and there was even a decurio of slaves in the imperial household (Orelli, 2785).

4. But the most important decuriones were those in the municipal towns, who are the subject of the following article.

[W.S]

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