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DIABATE´RIA (διαβατήρια), a sacrifice offered to Zeus and Athena by the Spartan kings on passing the frontier of Laconia in command of an army (Xen. Rep. Lac. 13, § 2 ff.). If the victims were unfavourable, they disbanded the army and returned home (Thuc. 5.54, 55, 116; cf. Xen. Hell. 3.4, § 3; 4.7.2; 5.3.14, 4, § § 37, 47). We also find διαβατήρια offered by a Roman general in passing a swollen river (Plut. Luc. 24).

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