, Boeot. ἔππασις
, Boeckh, C. G
. i. p. 725 b), the right
of possessing landed property and houses (ἔγκτησις
γῆς καὶ οἰκίας
) in a foreign country, which was frequently
granted by one Greek state to another (Dem. de
p. 265.91; C. I. G.
ii. No. 2352; Xen. Hell. 5.2
) or to separate individuals of another state.1
In Boeckh's opinion (P. E.
3 1.177) ἰσοτελεία
and probably also προξενία
included this right. Meier (de prox.
p. 21) dissents from this, and Schubert
(de prox. Att.
p. 40 ff.) quotes inscriptions from which
we learn that ἔγκτησις
was granted in
addition to προξενία
ii. Nos. 41, 131, 186), whilst in other cases (No. 139) ἔγκτησις
alone is conferred. This privilege
meant the right of possessing either a house, or a house and land (C.
ii. Nos. 42, 70, 121, etc.--i. No. 59; ii. No. 41, etc.);
in C. I. A.
ii. No. 380 the right of possessing land to the
amount of two talents is granted, and in Nos. 121 and 222 the time is
specified ἕως ἂν κατέλθωσιν
privilege was not hereditary, since in some decrees it is specially stated
αὐτῷ καὶ ἐκγόνοις
2.186, etc.). Ἐγκτήματα
such possessions in a foreign country, and are opposed (by [Dem.] de
p. 87.42) to κτήματα,
possessions in one's own country. (Valcken. ad
.) Since, except in special instances,
only citizens enjoyed the right of possessing land and houses at Athens, it
was not safe for aliens to advance money on such property (Dem. pro
p. 946.6; Xen. de
, 6). In the psephisma which formed the basis of
the second confederacy the Athenians gave up their ἐγκτήματα
in the territories of the allies, and renounced
the right of acquiring such henceforward (Diod.
; C. I. A.
17); those who disregarded this arrangement were to be proceeded against by
φάσις πρὸς τοὺς συνέδρους τῶν
The term ἐγκτήματα
was also applied to the landed property or houses which an Athenian
possessed in a different δῆμος
from that to
which he belonged by birth, and with respect to such property he was called
: whence we find
Demosthenes [p. 1.733]
speaking of οἱ δημόται καὶ οἱ
For the right of holding property in a δῆμος
to which he did not belong, he (as well as
a foreigner who enjoyed the privilege of ἔγκτησις
) had to pay such δῆμος
a tax, which is mentioned in inscriptions under the name
The remission of this tax
is mentioned in inscriptions (C. I. A.
ii. Nos. 589, 582,
574); it was sometimes accompanied by other privileges, as προεδρία
and a limited share in the sacrifices
of the deme as in the case of Callidamas (C. I. A.
589; Boeckh, i. p. 408 a; O. Müller, de demis Att.
p. 20 ff.; Att. Process,
ed. Lipsius, p. 671 ff.). It is a
special case of ἔγκτησις
when and is
granted to foreigners for the erection of a sanctuary (see C. I.
ii. No. 168 sub fin.:
δεδόχθαι τῷ δήμῳ, δοῦναι τοῖς ἐμπόροις τῶν
Κιτιέων ἔνκτησιν χωρίου ἐν ᾧ ίδρύσονται τὸ ἱερὸν τῆς
Ἀφροδίτης καθάπερ καὶ οἱ Αἰγύπτιοι τὸ τῆς Ἴσιδος ἱερὸν