the name of a corps of picked troops in Arcadia, which was formed to
preserve the independence of the Arcadian towns, when they became united as
one state after the defeat of the Spartans at Leuctra. They were 5,000 in
number, and were paid by the state. (In Xen. Hell.
, § § 22, 33, 36; 7.5.3, the name occurs
without explanation, but it was probably of Arcadian origin. In Diod. 15.62
are οἱ καλούμενοι ἐπίλεκτοι ὄντες
Cf. Hesych. sub voce
: Thirlwall, 5.90; Grote, ch. 78,
7.203; Gilbert, Staatsalterth.