), which means a person placed over anything, was the
name of two distinct classes of functionaries in the Athenian state ;
namely, of the chairmen of the Prytanes and Proedri (for whom see BOULÉ, pp. 310 b,
); and also of the directors
of public works (ἐπιστάται τῶν δημοσίων
) These directors had different names, as τειχοποιοί,
the repairers of the walls; τριμροποιοί,
the builders of the triremes;
the repairers of the
trenches, &c.; all of whom were elected by the tribes, one from
each; but the most distinguished of these were the τειχοποιοί
(Aeschin. c. Ctes.
§ 14, 27, 29, 31). Other public buildings, such as temples,
belonged to the department of the chief finance minister (ὁ ἐπὶ τῇ διοικήσει
); and it was in this
capacity that Pericles, and subsequently Lycurgus, undertook so many works
of architecture. Sometimes two, three, or five ἐπιοτάται
were specially commissioned to superintend a
particular work. Thus the inscription relating to the building of the
Erechtheium (temple of Athena Polias), dating from B.C. 409-8 and now in the
British Museum, mentions two ἐπιοτάται,
architect named Philocles and a γραμματεὺς
or secretary (C. I. G.
160 = C. I. A.
cf. Dict. Geogr.
1.276 a; Boeckh, P. E.
203 = Sthh.
3 1.257). Other inscriptions
discussed by Boeckh contain portions of the accounts of similar ἐπιστάαι
of public buildings, one of them the
Propylaea; in each case a γραμματεὺς
mentioned, and there appears to have been always an expert, like Philocles,
to advise professionally (C. L. A.
1.314, 315 b; 300 to 302
a; 299; Boeckh, Sthh.
Among the ἐπιστάται τῶν δημοσίων ἔργων
were reckoned also the road-surveyors (ὁδοποιοί,
Aeschin. c. Ctes.
§ 25), and
those charged with the water supply (ἐπιστάται τῶν
31). The directors
received the money which was necessary for all these works from the public
treasury (ἐκ τῆς διοικήσεως,
§ 31). (Schömann,
Antiq. Jur. Publ.
p. 247, and Antiq.
415, 427, E. T.; Gilbert, Staatsalterth.