are workers in wood, stone, or metal, as fabri tignarii,
smiths, &c. The workshop was called fabrica
, 45; Cic. N. D. 3.2.
, 55), the name also given to the trade or art of a faber (Cic. N. D. 2.1. 3
, 35). The
different trades were said to have been divided by Numa (Plut. Numa,
17) into nine collegia, which correspond to
our companies or guilds. In the constitution of Servius Tullius, the fabri tignarii
60, 417, 3690, 4086,
4088, 4184) and the fabri aerarii
) were formed into two centuries, which were called
the “centuriae fabrum,
” and not
46, 156.) They did not belong to any of the five classes
into which Servius divided the people; but the fabri
probably voted with the first class, and the fabri aerarii
with the second. Livy (1.43
) and Dionysius (7.59
) name both the centuries together: the former says that
they voted with the first class; the latter, that they voted with the
second. Cicero (de Rep.
2.22) names only one century of
fabri, which he says voted with the first class; but as he adds the word tignariorum,
he must have recognised the existence
of the second century, which we suppose to have voted with the second class.
(Göttling, Gesch. der röm. Staatsv.
The fabri or engineers in the army were under the command of an officer
called praefectus fabrum.
(Caes. ap. Cic. Att. 9.8
, Bell. Civ.
Veget. 2.9 ff.) Vegetius asserts that there was a praefectus fabrum attached
to each legion; and this may
have been the case. No
genuine inscriptions, however, contain the title of praefectus fabrum with
the name of a legion added to it. Hence it is more probable that he was the
engineer-in-chief to the army as a whole. It was the duty of the fabri not
only to repair damaged armour, and to construct and keep in good order the
usual siege-material, but also to build bridges, and even to superintend
mining operations. Hence the praefectus fabrum held an office of the highest
trust and importance (Cic. Balb. 28
). There were also civil officers at Rome and
in the municipal towns, called praefecti fabrum; but we know nothing
respecting them beyond their name. Thus we find PRAEF.
FABR. ROMAE, PRAEFECTUS FABR. (Wilmanns, 1864); ROMAE ET TERGESTE (ib. 1624). The subject of the
praefecti fabrum is discussed with great accuracy in a letter of
Hagenbuchius, published by Orelli (Inscript.
vol. ii. p. 95,
&c. Cf. Borghesi, Oeuvres,
v. p. 206 ff.; Mommsen in