grammarians also κροσσοί
), thrums; tassels; a
When the weaver had finished any garment on the loom [TELA
], the thrums, i. e. the extremities of the
threads of the warp, hung in a row at the bottom. In this state they were
frequently left, being considered ornamental. Often also, to prevent them
from ravelling, and to give a still more artificial and ornamental
appearance, they were separated into bundles, each of which was twisted
1.416 = Anth. Pal.
6.225), and tied
in one or more knots. The thrums were thus, by a very simple process,
transformed into a row of tassels. The linen shirts, found in Egyptian
tombs, sometimes show this ornament among their lower edge, and illustrate,
in a very interesting manner, the description of these garments by Herodotus
). Among the Greeks and Romans fringes
were seldom worn except by females (κροσσωτὸν
Phalaec. ap. Ath. 10.440
d = Brunck, Anal.
2.525: cf. Schweighäuser on Ath.
vol. x. p. 428; Jacobs on Anth. Pal.
i. pt. 2, p. 251;
Pollux, 7.64). We find, however, a κροσσωτὴν
worn by Lucullus (Plut.
); a long-sleeved tunic with fimbriae
at the wrists, worn by Julius Caesar (Suet. Jul. 45
; cf, CLAVUS LATUS
The text of Suetonius may, we think, be
defended against Marquardt, Privatl.
528 n.). Of their manner
of displaying them the best idea may be formed by the inspection of the
annexed woodcut, taken from a small bronze, representing a Roman lady
Fimbriae. (From an ancient bronze.)
who wears an inner and an outer tunic, the latter being fringed,
and over these a large shawl or pallium.
Among barbarous nations the upper garment was often worn by men with a
fringe, as is seen very conspicuously in the group of Sarmatians at p. 315
By crossing the bundles of thrums, and
tying them at the points of intersection, a kind of network was produced;
the θυσανὸς δικτυωτός,
hung with bells,
which adorned the bier of Alexander the Great, must have been of this
description (Diod. 18.26
). The ancients also
manufactured fringes separately, and sewed them to the borders of their
garments. They were likewise made of gold thread and other costly materials.
Of this kind was the ornament, consisting of a hundred golden tassels, which
surrounded the mythical shield of Jupiter, the αἰγὶς
and which depended from the girdle of Juno (Hom. Il. 2.448
, xiv.. 181, 15.229, 17.593, 18.204, 21.400). In consequence of
the tendency of wool to form itself into separate bundles like tassels
Aelian, Ael. NA 16.11
), the poets speak of the golden
fleece as consisting of them (Pind. P. 4.411
; Apollon. 4.1146
); and Cicero, declaiming
against the effeminacy of Gabinius, applies the same expression to his
curled locks of hair (in Pis.