) was one of the services which aliens (μέτοικοι
) residing at Athens had to perform to
the Athenians at the Panathenaea, and by which it was probably intended to
impress upon them the recollection that they were mere aliens and not
citizens. The hydriaphoria was performed by the wives of aliens (Pollux,
3.55); whereas their daughters had on the same occasion to perform the
(the carrying of parasols)
for the Athenian maidens (Pollux, 7.134; cf. 174), and their husbands the
(the carrying of vessels
containing offerings of cakes, &c. for the goddess; see Aelian,
Ael. VH 6.1
, with Perizonius: Dinarch. ap.
Harpocrat. s. v. σκαφηφόροι,
Valesius). It has been inferred from the words of Aelian that these
humiliating services were not demanded of the aliens by the laws of Solon,
but introduced at a later period; on such a point, however, the authority of
Aelian is of no value. The hydriaphoria was the carrying of a vessel with
Aristoph. Eccl. 738
), which service the
married alien women had to perform to the married part of the female
citizens of Athens, when they walked to the temple of Athena in the great
procession at the Panathenaea. The duties thus imposed upon μέτοικοι
were a badge of inferiority, but cost
nothing except in dignity: it does not seem correct to compare them, as
Boeckh does (P. E.
p. 538 = Sthh.
3 1.624), with the liturgies. (Hermann,
§ 115, n. 10; Schömann,
Antiq. Juris Publici,
p. 190, Antiq.