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JUS CIVI´LE PAPIRIA´NUM

JUS CIVI´LE PAPIRIA´NUM is said by Pomponius to have been a compilation of the Leges Regiae or laws passed in the kingly period of Rome, and to have derived its name from Papirius, its compiler. There is great doubt as to the exact character of this compilation of Papirius, and as to the time when it was made. It seems to have consisted of rules of law prescribed by the pontifices, concerning fas and nefas. [JUS] There was a tradition that the Leges Regiae were written on wooden tablets by command of king Ancus, and exposed to public view in the market-place (Liv. 1.32; Dionys. A. R. 3.36). The tablets, as the story goes, were destroyed after the expulsion of the kings, but new ones were subsequently set up by the Pontifex Maximus C. Papirius, which were burnt in the Gallic conflagration. Henceforth the Leges Regiae were kept secret by the pontifices, till they were published as the Jus Papirianum, the title being derived from their original compiler. This improbable account is all the information which we have respecting [p. 1.1045]the authenticity of the Leges Regiae. Even the name of the compiler of the Jus Papirianum is not certain, as he is variously called Caius, Sextus, and Publius. There is no reference to such a compilation in Varro or Cicero. It was, however, commented on by Granius Flaccus in the time of Julius Caesar (Dig. 50, 16, 144), and from this time seems to have been regarded as a source of law respecting religious observances. The compilation was probably made by some private jurist at the end of the republic. (Mommsen, Staatsr. 2.41-44 (ed. 1877); Karlowa, Rechtsgesch. 1.106; Voigt, Die Leges Regiae; Bruns, Fontes, § 1, &c.)

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