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LIBRA´RII

LIBRA´RII slaves who were employed for writing or copying in any way, and sometimes also the readers or reciters (ANAGNOSTAE) were included under this name (Orelli, 2872). They must be distinguished from the Scribae publici, who were freemen [SCRIBA], and also from the booksellers, who were also called librarii (see under LINER). The slaves to whom this name of librarii was given may be divided into three classes:--

1. Librarii who were employed in copying books, called Scriptores Librarii by Horace (Ars Poet. 354): these librarii were also called antiquarii, or, more correctly, the antiquarii were a special class of librarii who were skilled in reading and copying ancient MSS. (see Isid. Orig. 6.14; Cod. Theod. 4.8, 2; Auson. Ep. 16; and Becker-Göll, Gallus, 2.423). The name librarii was also given to the slaves who had charge of libraries, and to those who made up the book-rolls, more properly called glutinatores (Cic. Att. 4.4).

2. Librarii a studiis were slaves who were employed by their masters when studying to make extracts from books, &c. (Orelli, Inscr. 719; Suet. Cl. 28; Cic. Fam. 16.2. 1). To this class the notarii, or short-hand writers, belonged, who could write down rapidly whatever their masters dictated to them. (Plin. Ep. 2.5; Martial, 14.208.) [NOTARII]

3. Librarii ab epistolis, whose principal duty was to write letters from their master's dictation. (Orelli, Inscr. 2437, 2997, &c.) To this class belonged the slaves called ad munum, a manu, or amanuenses. [AMANUENSIS] (See also Marquardt, Privatleben, 151, and Becker-Göll, l.c.

[W.S] [G.E.M]

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