name given to the popular assembly of the Arcadians, which was established
after the overthrow, of the Spartan supremacy by the battle of Leuctra, and
which used to meet at Megalopolis in order to determine upon matters
affecting the whole people, [p. 2.202]
The name “Ten
Thousand” indicates merely a large indefinite number, and it is
probable that every citizen of the confederate Arcadian cities (i. e. all
Arcadia except Orchomenus and Heraea) had a right to attend. A body of
troops called Epariti
were at their disposal, under a
Panarcadian general. They received envoys, concluded war and peace, and held
state trials of public offenders. We hear of Callistratus, Demosthenes, and
Aeschines arguing before them (Corn. Nep.
; Dem. de Fals. Leg.
344.11; Aeschin. de Fals. Leg.
§ 49). Pausanias saw
the ruins of their house of assembly. (Xen. Hell.
, § 6; 7.1.38; 7.4.2;--Diod.
; Paus. 8.32.1
Suid., Phot. s.v. Grote, Hist. of Greece,
x. p. 318.)