). These words,
besides denoting absolute nakedness, which was to be ἀναμπέχονος καὶ ἀχίτων
(compare Moschus, 4.98), were
applied to anyone who, being without an AMICTUS
wore only his tunic. (Aristoph. Eccl. 409
150; John 21.7.) In this state of semi-nudity, the
ancients performed the operations of ploughing, sowing, and reaping. (Hes.
Op. et Dies,
; Verg. G. 1.299
Aelian, Ael. VH 6.11
; Matt. 24.18.) Thus Cincinnatus was found nudus
at the plough when he was called to be
dictator, and sent for his toga,
that he might
appear before the senate. (Plin. Nat.
; Aur. Vict. de Vir. Illust.
17; Liv. 3.26
.) The accompanying woodcut is taken
Man ploughing in his tunic. (From an ancient gem.)
from an antique gem in the Florentine Collection, and shows a man
ploughing in his tunic only.
This term applied to the warrior expressed the absence of some part of his
armour. Hence the light armed were called γυμνῆτες.